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Summary:


European Court of Human Rights: 

According to the Court, it was difficult to declare one’s respect for democracy and human rights while at the same time supporting a regime based on sharia, which clearly diverged from Convention values, particularly with regard to its criminal law and criminal procedure, its rules on the legal status of women and the way it intervened in all spheres of private and public life in accordance with religious precepts.

http://www.shariawatch.org.uk/?q=content/echr-judgement-relating-sharia-law-2003

See also this comparison of UNDHR v Cairo Declaration of Human Rights( by OIC)

Author(s):

Summary: 

Source: “Annual Report 2003 of the European Court of Human Rights, Council of Europe”

Noting that the Welfare Party had pledged to set up a regime based on sharia law, the Court found that sharia was incompatible with the fundamental principles of democracy as set forth in the Convention. It considered that “sharia, which faithfully reflects the dogmas and divine rules laid down by religion, is stable and invariable. Principles such as pluralism in the political sphere or the constant evolution of public freedoms have no place in it”. According to the Court, it was difficult to declare one’s respect for democracy and human rights while at the same time supporting a regime based on sharia, which clearly diverged from Convention values, particularly with regard to its criminal law and criminal procedure, its rules on the legal status of women and the way it intervened in all spheres of private and public life in accordance with religious precepts.

ECHR Judgement Summary: "sharia law is incompatible with democracy and human rights"

Source: “Annual Report 2003 of the European Court of Human Rights, Council of Europe”

Women’s rights in Islamic countries

For those who are moderately educated on Islam it should be no surprise that a bronze age, authoritarian, imperialist ideology does not champion things like individual rights, minority rights, etc. This could be metaphorically, scripturally or a manifestation in the real world.

What some people will ask or consider is the extent to which Islam impacts upon individual and minority rights within majority Islamic nations.

Country: 
Mauritania
News Date: 
04/05/2018
Summary: 

This is a great injustice, but they could have put him to death. There is much support in the Qur’an and Sunnah for the death penalty for blasphemy. It can arguably be found in this verse: “Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment.” (5:33)

Summary: 
  • "Multiculturalism and human-rightism promote the notion that migration is a human right, and that the right to migrate leads to further rights and entitlements including social welfare hand-outs for migrants." — Former Czech President Václav Klaus and economist Jiří Weigl, writing in their book, Europe All Inclusive.

  • "Europe is weakened by the leftist utopia of trying to transform a continent that was once proud of its past into an inefficient solidaristic state, turning its inhabitants from citizens into dependent clients." — Václav Klaus.

  • "There are plenty of arguments suggesting that the contemporary migration crisis is connected with the post-democratic character of the EU. That it is a by-product of the already long time existing European crisis, of the systemic errors and misconceptions of European policies, of the built-in defects of EU institutional arrangements, and of the ideological confusions and prejudices of European multicultural political elites." — Václav Klaus.

Summary: 

Although genuine feminists have made strides for women's rights in Western countries, they have helped set back the rights of young Muslim women to break free from the oppressive codes of an Islam defined and controlled by Muslim men.

Summary: 

“It’s culture, not religion” is a phrase often used to explain away problematic practices common in Muslim countries and communities. Sharia is Islamic law that has influenced societies with different languages, cultures, histories, and interpretations of Islam. In the face of a worrisome incident, many Muslims believe that Islam has been misinterpreted, while others believe it agreeable to Islamic teachings. Is it accurate to say that the negative aspects of Sharia are not based on Islamic teachings, that the negative influences are primarily external to religion?

To answer this truthfully, one must go to the Islamic religious texts. Sharia is derived primarily from the Quran and hadith. The Quran is the holy book of Islam, believed to be the literal word of God. It is believed to have passed verbally from the angel Jibril (Gabriel) to Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, who then relayed it to his followers over the course of two decades. It is the ultimate authority in Islam, traditionally believed to be a guidance for all times. A hadith is a report that describes the actions of Muhammad and his followers. They are important in understanding the Quran as they supplement many of its verses, and have played an essential role in the development of Islamic jurisprudence. The hadith are second only to the Quran.

The importance of hadith is in its practical application. For example, the Quran instructs Muslims to pray, but does not clearly specify how or how often. The Hadith gives instruction on not only how to pray, but clarifies that Muslims must pray five times a day.[1] Individual hadith are classified as (1) sahih (“authentic”), which is the highest classification, (2) hasan (“good”) or (3) da’if (“weak”). The classifications are based on how credible the hadith collectors found the chain of narration, tracing the chain to the originator of the content of the report. Unless otherwise stated, all of the hadith we use for this article are sahih hadith. Still, one should spend a moment deliberating that all of the hadith, including those classified as weak, are from Muslim sources, favored towards Islam. Finally, this article also looks at tafsir (the exegesis of the Quran) to provide more context to certain verses.

We will look at verses from the Quran and hadith on four subject areas: women’s testimony, torture, slavery, and jizya, the special tax required from non-Muslims. This article is by no means a comprehensive list of controversial topics related to Islam, but it is meant to provide a basis of understanding some influential writings in authoritative Islamic sources regarding these topics.

Country: 
Nigeria
News Date: 
17/02/2004
Summary: 

HRW:

Country: 
Nigeria
News Date: 
20/05/2002
Summary: 

Religious and ethnic clashes have cost thousands of lives in Nigeria in the past two years and the restoration of strict Islamic law in 12 of Nigeria's 36 states has sparked bloody riots between Christians and Muslims. Now with more harsh Sharia punishments pending, including stoning, whipping, amputation and execution, and the prospect of Sharia being extended to at least one state in the predominantly Christian south, the issue might tear the country apart.

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