Slavery

Summary:


It is extimated that between 140m and 180m people have been victims of Islamic slavery since Islam was founded.

Slavery is legal under Islamic sharia law: Tripoli’s London ambassador Abd al-Rahman to Thomas Jefferson & John Adams (1786) on by what right the Barbary States enslaved American seamen.

“It is written in the Quran that all Nations who should not have acknowledged their (Muslims’) authority were sinners; that it was their right and duty to make war upon whoever they could find and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners; and that every Mussulman who should be slain in battle was sure to go to Paradise.”

Page 203: http://www.islam-watch.org/books/islamic-jihad-legacy-of-forced-conversion-imperialism-slavery.pdf

Also this translation of the section on slavery: https://mdharrismd.com/2015/03/03/translation-of-the-manual-of-islamic-sacred-law/

In the section entitled manumission (which is about all of slavery, not just about freeing slaves as the title would suggest), Keller did not translate sections K32.1, 32.2, 32.3 and 32.4. He wrote “the following four sections have been left untranslated (into English) because the issue is no longer current…” To his credit, he left the Arabic text in the book. With the increasing importance of the Shariah throughout the world, it should all be translated. After all, it is not clear that groups like ISIS consider any section in Islamic Sacred Law “not current”.

The earliest reference to people being enslaved in this list is 637AD following the capture of Ctesiphon in Persia where nearly 40,000 people were enslaved. Through enslavement of Hindus and others in India, through raiding the coasts of Europe (an estimated 1.25 million were taken between 1500-1800) to piracy and enslaving ship's crews in the Mediterranean. Islam has continued to enslave people up to the present day. ISIS and Boko Haram taking non-Muslim women as sex-slaves is just another chapter in Islam's black history.

Muhammad bought, sold, and captured slaves.

He bought slaves: “Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledged allegiance to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man).” (Muslim 3901).

 “Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very fast, and there were women riding on those camels). Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Waihaka (May Allah be merciful to you), O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels (women)!’” (Bukhari 8.73.182).

 

Islamic clerics still support the taking of slaves and slavery as this excerpt from a TV interview broadcast on 9th March 2006 shows:

‘Today, too, if there’s a war between us and the infidels, we’ll take slaves.  The ruling on slavery hasn’t expired and is eternal.  We’ll take slaves and we’ll bring them to the world of Islam and have them stay with Muslims. We’ll guide them, make them Muslims and then return them to their countries.’

http://www.drsoroush.com/English/Interviews/E-INT-HomaTV.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad-Taqi_Mesbah-Yazdi#cite_note-42

 

Type: Opinion

Summary: 

Nuh Ha Mim Keller translated Reliance of the Traveler from Arabic into English. In the section entitled manumission (which is about all of slavery, not just about freeing slaves as the title would suggest), Keller did not translate sections K32.1, 32.2, 32.3 and 32.4. He wrote “the following four sections have been left untranslated (into English) because the issue is no longer current…” To his credit, he left the Arabic text in the book. With the increasing importance of the Shariah throughout the world, it should all be translated. After all, it is not clear that groups like ISIS consider any section in Islamic Sacred Law “not current”.

I looked on the internet for a reliable translation of these portions of the Shariah but was unable to locate one. Therefore I asked for help from some Arab friends and they provided the following:

K32.1 Women and children of the land that has been conquered are considered booty of the war and they are considered slaves. Everything belongs to the Imam first and after he takes a fifth of the booty the rest is given to the soldiers who were involved in the war. If the slave becomes a Muslim this conversion does not set him free and he will stay a slave. Captivity is the absolute consequence of Muslims war with non-Muslims and is not exclusive to elementary Jihad or defensive Jihad, even in the presence of the prophet or Imam and with their permission. If Jihad was done without the permission of prophet or Imam, all the booty is given to the Imam.

K32.2 If the father and mother were brought as slaves all the children are considered slaves. Being a slave is inherited from parents to child. If the parents convert to Islam the children will still be slaves, and they belong to the owner of their family. The master can sell the children to someone else without the parents’ consent. Male slaves and female slaves are considered the property of their master and he is allowed to treat them the way he wants. The satisfaction of the slave does not matter. The slave is responsible to keep his/her master satisfied. The slave eats, drinks and wears whatever the master decides and must live where the master says. He/she should clothe him/herself the way the master decides and speak and behave the way the master says.
K32.3 The master who owns a woman slave can use her in any way for his sexual pleasure; he can marry her if he wants. In intercourse the satisfaction of the female slave is not important at all. The female slave does not have to be Muslim convert. Even if she is pagan the sexual intercourse is Halal (permissible). A female Muslim is not allowed to have sexual relation with her slave without marriage. The male slaves are considered “mahram (impermissible, taboo)”.  The Koran has emphasized this point. The Mola (Master) not only has the right to marry his female slave without her consent but he is also allowed to lend her to another man without her consent to have sexual intercourse without marriage. He also has the authority to marry her to one of his male slaves.

K32.4 The master is allowed to cancel the marriage of his male and female slaves without “Talagh (divorce)”. It is enough for the master to order them to separate and they must obey. The female slave does not have to hide her hair, neck and head while saying Muslim prayer “Namaz “. The Hijab of the female slave must be different from those of the wife and daughters of the master.

There are other portions which Nuh Ha Mim Keller did not translate, including e1.6, e1.18, e6.5, e7.7, e10.2, e12.4, e12.11-13, e14.4, e14.8, f2.4, f4.6, f4.13, f5.9, f6.4, f8.4, f8.8, f8.26, f14.7, h2.3, h2.8, h3.8, i3.7, k4.6, k5.8, k7.4, k16.4, k23.1, k24.1, l10.7, m3.5, m3.14, m6.4, m6.6, m6.11, m7.3, m10.11, m11.15, n3.6, n4.2, n4.4, n8.2, n8.4, n9.4, n9.12, n9.20, n10.1, o3.7, o3.11, o5.3, o12.3, o13.10, o19.2, o19.4, o20.3. We will translate these as we are able in the future.

Summary: 

In Islamic law, it is normal: the seizure of Infidel girls and their use as sex slaves is sanctioned in the Qur’an. According to Islamic law, Muslim men can take “captives of the right hand” (Qur’an 4:3, 4:24, 33:50). The Qur’an says: “O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have paid their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses of those whom Allah has given you as spoils of war” (33:50). 4:3 and 4:24 extend this privilege to Muslim men in general. The Qur’an says that a man may have sex with his wives and with these slave girls: “The believers must win through, those who humble themselves in their prayers; who avoid vain talk; who are active in deeds of charity; who abstain from sex, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or whom their right hands possess, for they are free from blame.” (Qur’an 23:1-6)

The rape of captive women is also sanctioned in Islamic tradition:

Abu Sirma said to Abu Sa’id al Khadri (Allah he pleased with him): 0 Abu Sa’id, did you hear Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) mentioning al-’azl? He said: Yes, and added: We went out with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) on the expedition to the Bi’l-Mustaliq and took captive some excellent Arab women; and we desired them, for we were suffering from the absence of our wives, (but at the same time) we also desired ransom for them. So we decided to have sexual intercourse with them but by observing ‘azl (Withdrawing the male sexual organ before emission of semen to avoid conception). But we said: We are doing an act whereas Allah’s Messenger is amongst us; why not ask him? So we asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he said: It does not matter if you do not do it, for every soul that is to be born up to the Day of Resurrection will be born. (Sahih Muslim 3371)

It is also in Islamic law: “When a child or a woman is taken captive, they become slaves by the fact of capture, and the woman’s previous marriage is immediately annulled.” (Umdat al-Salik O9.13)

Summary: 

Muslim historian Firishta [full name Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah, born in 1560 and died in 1620], the author of the Tarikh-i Firishta and the Gulshan-i Ibrahim, was the first to give an idea to the medieval bloodbath that was India during Muslim rule, when he declared that over 400 million Hindus got slaughtered during Muslim invasion and occupation of India. Survivors got enslaved and castrated. India’s population is said to have been around 600 million at the time of Muslim invasion. By the mid 1500’s the Hindu population was 200 million.

Summary: 
  • Some Yazidi girls were "sold" for a few packs of cigarettes.

  • "Some of those women and girls have had to watch 7-, 8-, and 9-year-old children bleed to death before their eyes, after being raped by ISIS militia multiple times a day. ISIS militias have burned many Yezidi girls alive for refusing to convert... Why? Because we are not Muslims..." — Mirza Ismail, chairman of the Yezidi Human Rights Organization-International.

  • "This is genocide against women." — Zeynep Kaya Cavus, leading Alevi activist.

  • Sadly, many of the organizers and participants of the "Women's March" in Washington chose to ignore women being tortured and exterminated by Islamic terrorists, and in other parts of the world, not being able to to receive an education or even leave the house without the permission of a male.

  • If only these women felt as motivated to protest about the enslavement, rape and torture of Yazidi women and children, as about the cost of tampons.

Summary: 

The term “the Crimean Raids” is common to Ukraine’s, Russia’s, and Poland’s history. They started when the Crimean Muslims became independent of the Mongolian Golden Horde in 1441 and they continued, under the Ottoman rule, on an almost annual basis, until Catherine the Great conquered the peninsula and established Russian rule in 1774. A detailed chronology of those raids is available to the curious. Two recent studies, by Japanese historian E. Matsuki and Mikhail Kizilov of Oxford University, are worth checking. They and other authors have conclusively established that the main income of the Crimean Khanate came from raids upon the territories of adjacent countries and from the trade in slaves captured during these military campaigns.

...

According to Broniewski, the Crimean Tatars did not till the land because slaves were so cheap and plentiful. The Crimean vizir Sefer Gazi Aga thus noted that the slaves were often “a plough and a scythe” of their owners. Most terrible, perhaps, was the fate of the galley-slaves, whose su?erings were poeticized in many Ukrainian folk songs (dumas). The Turkish word “kadirga” (galley) morphed into katorga, became a synonym for “prison” in the Russian language. The captives were exported to the markets of the Ottoman Empire under dreadful conditions. The Tatar-Muslim Crimean raids, justified under the Sharia law, were a key drain of the human and economic resources of both Russia and Poland, engaged as they were in fighting each other in the 17th century.

.....

Alan Fisher, a leading authority, estimates that some three million Slav captives were taken from the borderlands by the Crimean Muslims from the 15th century until the Russian conquest. Even at the end of the Tatar-Muslim rule, in the mid-18th century, at least 150,000 peasants were enslaved in the immediate decades before the Russian conquest. To put things in historical perspective, the (Muslim) Arab slave trade with Africa is estimated to have affected 10 to 18 million persons over a much longer period. Thousands of Christian female slaves and captured children were converted to Islam every year.

Summary: 

If you have read Islam’s genocidal slavery:  religiously ordained,   Mohammad’s example Part A,   then you know that Islam’s prophet Mohammad was a slave-trader who killed the men and took the women and children of conquered tribes into slavery.   Mohammad and his men enjoyed the females taken or given as slaves.   Mohammad displayed sadism and gross inhumanity to captured people, including the females raped on some occasions in front of their families or husbands and on others, raped after their tribe had been destroyed and prior to selling them in slave markets.

No-one dares mention Mohammad’s substantial slave trading.   Instead much is made of the fact that he released Zaid (Zayd), slave of his wealthy, powerful 1st wife Khadija, whom he married well before he became allah’s prophet.  Zaid was released BEFORE Mohammad became allah’s prophet because releasing slaves was common in the pre-Islamic era (Sirat Rasul’allah P 714, note 151).   Much is also made of Mohammad’s  ‘manumission’  of  the two beautiful young females Safiya and Juwayria in place of a  mahr or dowry.  Instead of the freedom they requested, they were married to Mohammad  who had enslaved them and destroyed their tribes in the first place!   They were only released as sex-slaves/wives for him!

Summary: 

We all know about those nasty Europeans – Portuguese/Spanish / ‘Americans’ and their purchase of  slaves between the  (15th-19th century)  but how many know of  Islam’s far longer and still going slave trade from Africa (eg East, West Africa), central and Eastern Europe, Turkey/central Asia, and China, India, and south east Asia.  The Islamic slave trade was/is vast and is a significant feature of Islamic ‘civilization.’

After slavery became unacceptable in the West slaves continued to flow in the Islamic world.  In 2003, Al Fawzan, a member of the Senior Council of Clerics, Saudi Arabia’s highest religious body and a member of the Council of Religious Edicts and Research, the Imam of Prince Mitaeb Mosque in Riyadh and a professor at Imam Mohamed Bin Saud Islamic University, stated that   
 

“slavery is part of  jihad  and jihad will remain as long as there is Islam.” 

He claims that those who say Islam is against slavery are ignorant,... infidels.  (source)

.....

 

Summary: 

Africa has been decimated; it’s social fabric, people and cultures destroyed.   The barbarity of Islam has impacted severely on many, inhibiting development, equality, freedom and tolerance.   Islamic slavery was so integrated into African society that many struggle with freedom –many remain enslaved even today.
Jihad slavery, allowed under sharia is an effective weapon of Islamization.

Using the information available on the slave trade, and the survival rate of those in transit to slave markets, estimates suggest 140 million to possibly 180 million black Africans were directly affected  (Scourge 2004)  Add to that those slaughtered in battles to obtain slaves or perishing later as a result of the destruction of the tribe, food or shelter. 

Europe became involved in the slave trade from 1519-1815 –ie Portugese, Dutch, French often selling slaves on to the Spanish.   Briton became involved in the slave trade in the 17th century but outlawed the slave trade in 1807.   The International Treaty of Europe, signed by all the European powers in 1815, included abolition of the slave trade.   Punishments in Briton for involvement in the slave trade moved from 14 years hard labour in 1810 to death in 1825 (Khan 2009, p 324).  A Parliamentary decree in 1833 set ALL slaves in the British Empire free. This was followed by France in 1848, then the Dutch and the new United States in 1865.

Summary: 

   However, at least 28 million Africans were enslaved in the Muslim Middle East.  Since at least 80% of those captured by Muslim slave traders were calculated to have died before reaching the slave markets, it is believed that the death toll from 1400 years of Muslim slave raids into Africa could have been over 112 million.  When added to the number of those sold in the slave markets, the total number of African victims of the Trans Saharan and East African slave trade could be significantly higher than 140 million people. 

....

According to one report, 7,000 English people were abducted between 1622 to 1644, many of them ship crews and passengers.  But the Corsairs also landed on unguarded beaches, often at night, to snatch the unwary.  Almost all the inhabitants of the village of Baltimore, in Ireland, were captured in 1631, and there were other raids in Devon and Cornwall.

.....

While Christian Reformers spearheaded the anti-slavery abolitionist movements in Europe and North America, and Great Britain mobilised her Navy, throughout most of the 19th Century, to intercept slave ships and set the captives free, there was no opposition whatsoever to slavery within the Muslim world.

Summary: 

African slaves brought to America were purchased at Muslim slave markets, where over Islam’s centuries of history an estimated 180 million were enslaved.

The natural hatred of the Mussulmen towards the infidels is in just accordance with the precepts of the Koran. [..]

https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/amistad

Summary: 

“Ohio State University history Professor Robert Davis describes the White Slave Trade as minimized by most modern historians in his book Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500–1800 (Palgrave Macmillan).” “White slavery” is a common term, but it is unfortunate, as the slaves described in this video were not captured and enslaved because they were white, but because they were non-Muslim. Their capture and enslavement was based on elements of Islamic law that are still part of that law in all its various permutations and manifestations.

Summary: 

One of the ways I have seen Muslim leaders promote Islam is by talking about the glory of the Islamic civilization. The Islamic empire is said to be a system of justice and responsible for everything good in the world. Very often when these claims are made the Western Christian civilization is criticised as corrupt and brutal. This approach to promoting Islam is successful for a few reasons:

Most Westerners feel some shame over the history of their empires, and so when a speaker attacks Western culture they acknowledge these faults.
Most Westerners have little knowledge of Islamic history, and so assume that what the Islamic leader says about the Islamic empire must be true.
Hence in the study of Islam in the West, the dominant convention is that a critical approach is reserved for the Christian past but forbidden for the Muslim past. ... The net result is a romantic picture of the history of Islam avoiding and sometimes denying such issues as the jihadists’ slaughter and massive enslavement of traditional African believers. (John Alembillah Azumah, The Legacy of Arab-Islam in Africa, pp. xiv-xv.)
In this article I invite you to begin to learn about Islam's involvement in slavery. Islam has had a major role in the history of slavery beginning with Muhammad, and taking slaves from Europe across to Indonesia and down into Africa. But unlike the Western empires, Islam has never apologised and feels no shame. In fact Muslim leaders boast of their empire as the "Golden Period" and hide its corruption and brutality.

Summary: 

Islam is a religion by men for men. The narrative of Islam empowers women is just not true. Islam may have given women some rights that they did not have, but it also froze their rights in time so that they could never get any more. As well, many of the rights are very one-sided in Islam. Wouldn’t it make more sense for God to send general principles such as “treat women well” that we could apply to each culture rather than strict rules that would soon become outdated in modern societies?
To start with, here is a fascinating quote that sums up the entire argument:

"If I were to command anyone to make prostration before another I would command women to prostrate themselves before their husbands, because of the special right over them given to husbands by Allah." (Abu Dawud, 2140)

Summary: 

One of the big moral issues with the Quran is its explicit permission to have sex with female captives of war. Some believers claim that Islam came with the perfect moral system and way of life, and that Prophet Muhammad was the primary example of this type of perfection. Does the Quran really allow this? We will look at this first and then quote hadith next.

Brother Ismail who left Islam after 15 years of defending Islam and Prophet Muhammad actually mentioned this issue in his first video he made after leaving Islam.

Let us look at the evidence:

Admin: Answer is yes it is allowed

Summary: 

Allaah has permitted intimacy with a slave woman if the man owns her. This is not regarded as adultery as suggested in the question. Allaah says, describing the believers (interpretation of the meaning):

“those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts)

Except from their wives or (the slaves) that their right hands possess,__ for then, they are free from blame”

[al-Mu’minoon 23:5]

What is meant by “those whom their right hands possess” is slave women or concubines. See also question no. 10382, 12562.

Once this is understood, it should be noted that what is suggested in the question, that this was zina, never occurred to the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them). What they were asking about was the ruling on practicing ‘azl with the slave women whom they had acquired in the course of jihad.

Summary: 

If Allaah enables the Muslim mujahideen to defeat kaafir enemies in war, then the men may be killed, ransomed, set free without ransom or enslaved. The choice between these four options is to be made by the ruler, according to what he thinks is the best course.

With regard to the women, they become slaves and “those whom one's right hand possesses” (described as a “right hand servant” in the question). Male children also become slaves. The ruler shares out these slaves among the mujaahideen.

Shaykh al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The reason why a person may be taken as a slave is his being a kaafir and waging war against Allaah and His Messenger. If Allaah enables the Muslims who are striving and sacrificing their lives and their wealth and all that Allaah has given them to make the word of Allaah supreme over the kaafirs, then He allows them to enslave the kuffaar when they capture them, unless the ruler chooses to free them or to ransom them, if that serves the interests of the Muslims.

Type: Link

Type: News

Country: 
Canada
News Date: 
17/03/2017
Summary: 

Imam leader of Dawah (outreach, “call to Islam”) at the Canadian Islamic Centre in Montreal, says that the Islamic ruling on marrying slave women/ girls was not abrogated and it is applicable when the legitimate jihad is launched against the disbelievers.

According to Islamic law, sex assaults on infidel women are permitted:

Country: 
Sudan (the)
News Date: 
02/09/1996
Summary: 

FORCED CONVERSION: 42. Reports continue to be received of enforced Islamization in the government-controlled areas in the conflict zones and among displaced southerners in northern Sudan. Food and relief, including medicines and clothes, are among the means used to force people to convert to the Islamic religion. The displaced persons who reject Islam are refused shelter and relief.

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
01/03/2017
Summary: 

Giving evidence during the trial, Mr. Kabele insisted slaves are allowed in Islam.

“In our religion, Islam, it’s OK to have slaves. The prophet had slaves, so I’m talking if I ever possess slaves,” he said. “I’m saying slaves is connected to the religion. It’s an integral part of our religion.”

Admin: The Quranic sanction for the rape of non-Muslim women captives:

Country: 
Syrian Arab Republic
News Date: 
05/11/2014
Summary: 

The price list reportedly is a price control measure on women and other spoils of war.

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
28/12/2016
Summary: 

There are so very many stories like this one in Britain, and there will be more, because the seizure of Infidel girls and their use as sex slaves is sanctioned in the Qur’an. According to Islamic law, Muslim men can take “captives of the right hand” (Qur’an 4:3, 4:24, 33:50). 

...

Country: 
Saudi Arabia
News Date: 
20/09/2016
Summary: 

SEX slaves captured by ISIS terrorists are being sold at sickening auctions in Saudi Arabia – a key UK ally – Sun Online has been told.

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
12/08/2016
Summary: 

The largest Muslim umbrella group in Wales has claimed “all mosques and Muslim institutions in Wales” are peaceful, as they backed an imam who told his congregation that war is approaching and Islam allows them to take women as slaves and rape them.

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
30/07/2016
Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
30/07/2016
Country: 
Syrian Arab Republic
News Date: 
07/07/2016
Country: 
Syrian Arab Republic
News Date: 
04/07/2016

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